Dental Crowns Treatment

Summary of treatment

Procedure time 1 – 2 hours
Anesthetic local or general
Hospital Stay 0 night
Sensitivity period 1 week
Back to work 1 week
Full recovery 4 weeks
Duration of results Permanent (depends individually)
Treatable complications swelling, bruising


Dental crowns are a popular restorative procedure that repairs damaged teeth by restoring their size, strength, shape, and look. The term ‘caps’ is frequently used to describe them since they completely enclose the visible part of a tooth or dental implant. We will tell you the goal of dental crowns, their various varieties, the process of placing one, and the possible risks and advantages of this treatment.

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Dental crowns are caps that resemble teeth that are used to cover decayed or broken teeth in order to restore their strength, size, form, and look. When a tooth is too damaged for a filling but not yet ready for extraction, they are frequently utilized. Metal, porcelain, or a combination of the two can be used to create crowns. They strengthen weak teeth and improve smiles for both practical and aesthetic reasons. Preparing the tooth, taking impressions, creating the crown in a dental lab, and finally permanently bonding it to the tooth are the usual steps in the procedure.

When Are Dental Crowns Needed?

Dental crowns are used in a variety of situations, including:
Restoring Damaged Teeth: Crowns can be used to heal teeth that are fractured, chipped, or extensively worn down.
Large Fillings: A crown can offer extra support in cases where a tooth's structure is compromised by a large cavity or filling.
Root Canal Therapy: Crowns are frequently required to strengthen and preserve teeth that have had root canal therapy.
Dental Bridges: Dental bridges, which replace one or more missing teeth, are secured in place by crowns.
Enhancements in appearance: Crowns can make teeth that are crooked or stained look better.
Dental implants: To replace lost teeth, crowns are affixed to the top of dental implants.

Types of Dental Crowns

Dental crowns can be made from a variety of materials, each having pros and cons of their own:

Crowns made of metals:

Dental crowns composed of different metal alloys are referred to as metal crowns or metal alloy crowns. Gold, platinum, palladium, and base metal alloys like nickel and chromium are a few examples of these alloys. Because of their strength and longevity, metal crowns are a good option for repairing teeth in parts of the mouth like the molars that are subjected to a lot of biting and chewing pressure. Compared to other crown varieties, they are less prone to chip or break and require less tooth structure to be removed during implantation. But because of their metallic appearance, they are more noticeable in the mouth, which some patients find bothersome from a cosmetic standpoint.

Materials: Composed of gold, palladium, nickel, or chromium as the material.
Pros: Very strong, effectively resists forces from biting and chewing, requires little removal of tooth structure.
Cons: Because the metallic color is not visually appealing, teething is a preferable option for metallic teeth.

Porcelain-Fused-to-Metal (PFM) Crowns:

Dental crowns that combine the natural appearance of porcelain with the strength of a metal foundation are known as porcelain-fused-to-metal (PFM) crowns. They are made out of a foundation made of a metal alloy and a layer of fused dental porcelain. The porcelain overlay gives the crown a tooth-like appearance and blends in perfectly with the surrounding natural teeth, while the metal foundation offers strength and durability. PFM crowns are a popular option for repairing broken or decayed teeth because they strike a balance between strength and beauty, especially in parts of the mouth like the front teeth that need to be both functional and aesthetically pleasing. They are ideal for tooth restoration in regions where there is significant chewing power because of their exceptional endurance and wear resistance. PFM crowns could, however, eventually chip or break like any other dental treatment, especially around the porcelain-metal contact. All things considered, PFM crowns are adaptable and often utilized in dentistry, providing a dependable option for patients looking for strength and aesthetics that look natural in their dental restorations.

Materials: Porcelain exterior with a metal core.
Pros: Stronger and more long-lasting than all-metal crowns; looks more natural.
Cons: There is a chance that the porcelain will chip or break off, and there may be instances when the metal will show through the gum line.

All-Porcelain or All-Ceramic Crowns:

Dental crowns composed completely of dental porcelain or ceramic materials are referred to as all-porcelain or all-ceramic crowns. In contrast to porcelain-fused-to-metal (PFM) crowns, which feature a porcelain layer covering a metal foundation, all-porcelain or all-ceramic crowns are metal-free.

Materials: Made entirely of ceramic or porcelain.

  • Aesthetic appeal: They blend in perfectly with the neighboring teeth to produce a very natural-looking outcome.
  • Biocompatibility: They are a great choice for patients with metal allergies or sensitivities because they don't contain any metal.
  • Minimally invasive: Compared to PFM crowns, these crowns require less tooth structure to be removed.
  • Stain resistance: The porcelain components used to make these crowns are stain-resistant, so they will continue to look beautiful over time.

Cons: It requires more tooth structure to be removed; less durable than metal crowns. It's crucial to remember that PFM crowns are more likely to last than all-ceramic or all-porcelain crowns, particularly in molars or other teeth regions that experience strong chewing forces. Patients who clench or grind their teeth may be more likely to experience chipping or fractures. Therefore, the patient's cosmetic choices, oral health requirements, and the tooth's location should all be taken into consideration when deciding between PFM and all-porcelain/ceramic crowns.

Zirconia Crowns:

Zirconium dioxide, a robust and long-lasting ceramic substance, is used to make zirconia crowns, a particular kind of dental crown. Recently, zirconia crowns have become more and more popular because of their remarkable strength, cosmetic appeal, and biocompatibility. Zirconia crowns are a popular option for dental restorations because they combine strength, aesthetics, and biocompatibility. They give patients long-lasting, realistic-looking results and are appropriate for a variety of clinical applications. Zirconia crowns have the following important characteristics and some cons.

Materials: Made from zirconium dioxide.
Pros: Extremely robust, long-lasting, beautifully designed, and appropriate for the front and back teeth.

  • Strength: One of the strongest materials used in dentistry is zirconia, which has a high level of wear and fracture resistance. Both anterior (front) and posterior (back) teeth, especially molars, where strong chewing pressures are present, can be restored with zirconia crowns.
  • Aesthetics: Zirconia crowns can be made to precisely mimic the hue, texture, and translucency of natural teeth, yielding a very pleasing appearance. They are appropriate for parts of the mouth that are visible since they blend in perfectly with the neighboring teeth.
  • Biocompatibility: Zirconia is a biocompatible substance, which means that it won't likely trigger allergies or sensitivities and will work well with the body's tissues. Because of this, those who have metal allergies or sensitivities can benefit from zirconia crowns.
  • Minimally invasive: Compared to traditional crowns, zirconia crowns require less tooth structure to be removed, conserving more of the original tooth enamel.
  • Durability: Zirconia crowns are renowned for their resilience to chipping and fracturing over the long term. They can endure for many years with the right upkeep and care.

Cons: It can be abrasive to opposing teeth.

Resin Crowns:

Dental crowns composed of tooth-colored composite resin materials are called resin crowns, sometimes referred to as composite resin crowns. Since they are not as strong or long-lasting as metal, porcelain-fused-to-metal (PFM), or zirconia crowns, these crowns are usually used for interim or short-term restorations. All things considered, resin crowns are used as a stopgap measure for fixing broken or rotting teeth, giving patients a useful and beautiful alternative while they wait for a permanent fix.


  • Aesthetic appearance: Resin crowns look more natural than metal crowns because they can be colored to match the patient's natural teeth.
  • Versatility: The dentist may quickly and effectively customize resin crowns to match a patient's bite and cosmetic preferences by shaping and adjusting them chairside.
  • Temporary fix: While permanent crowns are being made in a dental laboratory, resin crowns are frequently utilized as a stand-in. Additionally, they can serve as temporary crowns when dental operations like root canal therapy or implant insertion are being performed.
  • Lower cost: Resin crowns are often less expensive than other kinds of crowns, which makes them a sensible choice for interim repairs.


  • Durability: Resin crowns are less resilient than metal or porcelain crowns, and they may chip, break, or wear down with time, particularly in parts of the mouth that are subjected to severe chewing forces.
  • Staining: Over time, exposure to specific foods, drinks, or behaviors like smoking may cause the composite resin components used in these crowns to become more stained and discolored.

Materials: Made from composite resin.

The Dental Crown Procedure

Usually, obtaining a dental crown requires two dental appointments:

First Visit: Get Ready and Take Notes

  • Examination and Preparation: To evaluate the root and surrounding bone, the dentist examines the tooth and takes X-rays. A root canal procedure could be necessary first if the tooth is extremely decaying or in danger of becoming infected.
  • Reshaping the Tooth: To accommodate the crown, the tooth is reshaped. This entails taking off a section of the external framework.
  • Impressions: To make sure the crown fits correctly, an impression of the tooth that has been altered and the neighboring teeth are obtained. Digital scanning or a putty-like substance can be used for this.
  • Temporary Crown:To preserve the prepared tooth until the permanent crown is put, a temporary crown is placed over it.

Second Visit: Permanent Crown Placement:

  • Taking Out the Temporary Crown:The tooth beneath the temporary crown is cleansed.
  • Fitting the Permanent Crown: The dentist examines the permanent crown's color and fit. If needed, adjustments are made.
  • Cementing the Crown: After the patient is satisfied with the fit, the dentist permanently bonds the crown to the tooth using a unique glue.

Benefits of Dental Crowns

  • Restoration of Function:Crowns enable you to chew and talk normally by restoring a damaged tooth to its original state.
  • Protection: Crowns shield compromised teeth from more harm or deterioration.
  • Durability: Crowns can survive for many years with the right maintenance, offering a permanent solution to dental problems.
  • Aesthetic Improvement: Crowns make teeth look better, which makes a smile seem more appealing.
  • Versatility: Crowns can be utilized for both restorative and cosmetic purposes, and they can be used for a wide range of dental issues.
  • Potential Drawbacks of Dental Crowns

    • Cost: Crowns can be costly, particularly when constructed of zirconia or ceramic, which are premium materials.
    • Sensitivity: Following the placement of the crown, some patients report feeling more sensitive to heat or cold.
    • Risk of Damage: Crowns are strong, but they might chip, shatter, or come loose with time.
    • Tooth Preparation: A large portion of the tooth's structure is irreversibly removed during this operation.

    Dental Crown Maintenance

    You must take proper care of your dental crown to prolong its lifespan.

    • Keep Up Good Oral Hygiene: To maintain the health of the crowned teeth and the surrounding gums, brush twice a day and floss once a day.
    • Steer clear of firm Foods: Foods that are sticky or firm should be avoided as they may harm the crown.
    • Frequent Dental Check-Ups: Schedule routine check-ups and cleanings with your dentist.
    • Employ a Night Guard: To safeguard your crown and natural teeth, if you grind them at night, think about utilizing a night guard.


    When it comes to fixing broken teeth and enhancing oral health, dental crowns are a flexible and reliable option. Knowing the many kinds of crowns and the process involved will help you make an informed choice, regardless of whether you need one for functional or aesthetic purposes. To find the best solution for your unique circumstances, always speak with your dentist. Proper care and upkeep will also extend the life of any dental treatment you have done. To know more contact us at Harley Body Clinic and talk to our expert team of surgeons online for free consultation services.

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