Dental Root Canal Treatment

Summary of treatment

Procedure time 1 – 2 hours
Anesthetic local or general
Hospital Stay 0 night
Sensitivity period 1 week
Back to work 1 week
Full recovery 4 weeks
Duration of results Permanent (depends individually)
Treatable complications swelling, bruising


A root canal, also known as root canal therapy, is a dental operation that prevents the extraction of a severely diseased or broken tooth. Root canals, despite their bad reputation, are comparatively frequent and can relieve excruciating tooth pain while maintaining the natural structure of the tooth. We'll go into the specifics of root canal therapy in this blog post, including what it involves, why it's required, and what to anticipate both during and after the operation.

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A root canal is a type of dental treatment used to treat teeth that have deep internal damage or infection in the pulp, the area of the tooth that contains connective tissue, blood vessels, and nerves. If the pulp infection is not treated, it can result in extreme pain, swelling, and even the formation of an abscess. The infection can be caused by decay, trauma, or other reasons. The tooth's inside is cleaned, disinfected, and sealed to stop further infection after the diseased or damaged pulp is removed during a root canal.

Why is a Root Canal Necessary?

There could be multiple reasons for the need for a root canal:

  • Severe Tooth Pain: Prolonged or severe tooth pain could indicate an infection or inflammation of the pulp of your tooth. Pain and suffering can be reduced with a root canal by eliminating the infection's source.
  • Deep Decay: When decay enters the tooth's interior, it has the potential to infect the pulp and weaken the tooth's structure. By removing the diseased pulp, a root canal can save the tooth from needing to be extracted.
  • Trauma or Injury: To heal and restore function, teeth that have been broken or injured as a result of trauma may need a root canal.
  • Abscess Formation: Dental infections that go untreated can result in the development of abscesses, which are pockets of pus that, if untreated, can cause discomfort, swelling, and problems with systemic health. Both the infection and the spread of bacteria can be stopped with a root canal.

Root Canal Procedure

Myths and misconceptions abound, but a root canal is an essential dental surgery that can prevent the evacuation of a severely diseased or broken tooth. Despite its scary reputation, patients can feel less anxious and more prepared if they are aware of the specifics of the root canal process. To assist you in understanding this crucial dental operation, we'll present you with a thorough rundown of the root canal process in this article, including everything from diagnosis to aftercare.

Diagnosis and Evaluation:

  • A dentist will perform a comprehensive examination and evaluation before to starting the root canal process. To evaluate the extent of the infection and ascertain the structure of the root canals, this usually entails a visual examination of the impacted tooth in addition to X-rays.
  • Severe tooth pain, sensitivity to heat or cold, gum edema or discomfort, and tooth discoloration are common indicators that a root canal is necessary.

Anesthesia and Patient Comfort:

  • To ensure the patient is comfortable throughout the procedure, the dentist numbs the tooth and surrounding tissues using a local anaesthetic before beginning.
  • In certain situations, patients may be administered sedation options, including as oral sedatives or nitrous oxide (laughing gas), to assist them relax throughout the operation, especially if they have dental anxiety or fear.

Access Opening:

To access the pulp chamber for root canals, the dentist makes a tiny access opening in the top of the tooth when the patient is completely unconscious. Depending on the patient's needs and the dentist's preference, either a laser or a dental drill can be used for this.

Elimination of Damaged or Infected Pulp:

  • The infected or damaged pulp is carefully removed from the pulp chamber and root canals using specialized tools called files. This procedure is necessary to get rid of the infection's source and stop more tooth damage.
  • To completely clean and shape the root canals and make sure that all bacteria and debris are gone, the dentist may use manual files and rotating equipment.

Cleaning and Disinfection:

  • The dentist cleans and sanitizes the inside of the tooth's root canals after removing the diseased pulp to get rid of any leftover bacteria and stop reinfection.
  • This is usually accomplished by effectively flushing out debris and disinfecting the canals with antimicrobial solutions and irrigation techniques.

Filling and Sealing:

  • Following their shaping and cleaning, the root canals are filled with gutta-percha, a biocompatible substance. By sealing the canals, this substance stops bacteria from returning and reinfecting the area.
  • To safeguard the tooth and rebuild its structure, the access opening in the tooth is subsequently sealed with a temporary or permanent filling.

Restoration and Finalization:

  • A dental crown or other permanent repair is typically necessary to give extra strength and protection to a tooth that has had a root canal.
  • Using imprints of the tooth, the dentist will create a custom-made crown that is the same size, shape, and color as the original tooth. After that, the crown is applied to the tooth to restore both its appearance and functionality.

Post-Treatment Care and Follow-Up:

  • The dentist will give instructions on how to take care of the treated tooth and any restorations after the root canal surgery is finished.
  • Maintaining good oral hygiene, which includes routine brushing, flossing, and dental exams, is crucial to the longevity and general health of the treated tooth. It is possible to arrange follow-up consultations to track the healing process and guarantee that the treatment was successful.

The Ideal Candidacy for Root Canal

Those who are good candidates for a root canal operation usually have the following traits:

  • Existence of Pulpal Damage or Infection: Applicants should have teeth with pulp injury or infection, usually from fractures, extensive decay, or trauma. Severe toothache, heat or cold sensitivity, gum soreness, or edema are possible symptoms.
  • Excellent Oral and General Health:The candidates' gums and adjacent teeth should be in good condition overall. Immunodeficiency illnesses and uncontrolled hyperglycemia can have an impact on recovery and eligibility for the treatment.
  • Enough Tooth Structure: After a root canal, candidates should still have enough tooth structure left to sustain the restoration. The structural integrity of the tooth may occasionally be compromised by severe decay or injury, in which case extraction is a more appropriate option.
  • Dedication to Dental Hygiene:Candidates must pledge to uphold proper oral hygiene practices, such as consistent brushing, flossing, and dental examinations. Maintaining good oral hygiene is crucial to avoiding dental problems in the road and extending the life of restored teeth.
  • Realistic Expectations:As the goal of a root canal operation is to save the natural tooth and relieve pain and discomfort rather than to improve appearance, candidates should have reasonable expectations regarding the procedure's results.
  • Tolerability of Dental Procedures:The ability to withstand dental operations, such as local anesthetic and the several processes involved in the root canal process, is a must for candidates. To ensure their comfort throughout the procedure, patients with severe dental anxiety or phobia might need to use extra sedative techniques.
  • Willingness to Comply with Post-Treatment Care Instructions:Candidates should be able and willing to adhere to the dentist's post-treatment care instructions, which may include skipping certain meals or activities that could impede healing and scheduling follow-up visits on time.
  • Without any contraindications:Candidates shouldn't be unable to undergo the root canal operation due to any contraindications. This could involve things like serious systemic health issues, allergies to dental materials, or drugs that could prevent the body from recovering or working properly after anesthesia.

In general, those with an infection or damaged tooth who are in good general health, have enough tooth structure left and are dedicated to upholding proper dental hygiene practices are the best candidates for a root canal operation. To find out if you qualify for a root canal and other dental procedures, consult with a skilled dentist.


One of the most important dental treatments that can save a badly damaged or infected tooth and relieve pain is a root canal. Patients can feel more prepared to get this necessary dental treatment if they are aware of the specifics of the root canal process and know what to anticipate at each stage. Don't wait to speak with a licensed dentist about your treatment choices if you're suffering from excruciating tooth pain or think you might require a root canal. Be proactive in protecting your oral health. Contact us at Harley Body Clinic to learn more about the Dental Root Canal procedure and book your appointment for free consultation services.

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